The primary goal of competitive athletes should be to improve sports performance. The most direct way to improvement is to effectively use the concept of specificity of training. In other words, you perform as you train. Consequently, an athlete’s familiarity with this exercise concept is essential.
Specificity of training is an exercise principle, which states that the body specifically adapts to demands placed upon it. Body changes are specific to the muscles, heart, lungs, and neurologic responses that are required by the exercise activity. The changes are tied to technique as well as how often and how long the exercise is performed. Specificity of training means that the closer training is to desired outcome requirements, the better the outcome. The scientific explanation appears complex. However, the concept is simple. You perform as you train.